Nicole O’Reilly presented a poster at the recent American Public Health Association conference in Atlanta, Georgia.
The poster, with co-author Brittany Schuler, a post-doc in the University of Michigan School of Social Work, focused on food insecurity. Specifically, the study was an examination of risk accumulation for food insecurity and underlying risk profiles.
Data for the study was from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative study of health in the United States.
Results indicated that accumulation of risk is associated with food insecurity such that each additional risk factor is associated with a 48 percent increase in the odds of food insecurity. Latent class analysis identified three risk classes: high risk for lower education and smoking; high risk for depression and anxiety; and low risk overall. Participants in the high-risk for lower education and smoking class were 2.67 times more likely to be food insecure than those in the low-risk class. Participants in the high risk for depression and anxiety class were 2.87 times more likely to be food insecure than low-risk participants.
Health and social work professionals working with food insecure families can reduce risk by reducing risk factors. Specific risk factors to focus on include depression, anxiety, education and smoking.